At the moment an important exhibition is being held in The Hague. On this exhibition many self-portraits of Rembrandt are on display. The Dutch Post issued a miniature sheet with ten different Old Masters and a priority stamp dedicated to the work of Rembrandt in June this year.
A lot of stamps have been issued in remembrance of the work of this painter. In 1930 the first Rembrandt stamps were issued in the Netherlands.
Rembrandt was born in Leiden in 1606. He was the son of the miller Herman Gerritsz. Van Rijn and the baker's daughter Neeltgen van Zuytbrouck. Rembrandt is generally regarded as the best Dutch painter of the 17th century.
Jacob van Swanenburg and Pieter Lastman
Rembrandt started with painting lessons in 1620. He attended the classes of the Academy of Leiden for one year. After this year he proceeded his training with the masters Jacob van Swanenburg and Pieter Lastman. From 1625 he shared a studio with Jan Lievens.
In 1631 Rembrandt left Leiden and went to Amsterdam. In this city he quickly became famous and generally respected. Rembrandt painted in a characteristic style and his paintings were distinguished from the work of his colleagues.
The light in his paintings
His work was especially respected for the way Rembrandt applied the light in his paintings. He used the light to direct the spectator to the main event of the painting.
In 1633 Rembrandt married Saskia Uylenburg and he bought a big house in 1639. From the four children that were born out of this marriage only son Titus (1641-1668) stayed alive. After the death of his wife Saskia Rembrandt went through a financially difficult time and things in his personal live did not go well either. In 1649 he was prosecuted by Geertgen Dircx because Rembrandt was believed not to fulfil his promise to marry her.
About 1645 Hendrickje Stoffels moved in and a daughter, Cornelia, was born.
Finally in 1656 his house and other personal belongings were sold to pay debts. Two years later his son Titus and Hendrickje started a foundation in which Rembrandt did his work as a painter. In this way he was able to work as an artist without be incommoded by old debtors.
Rembrandt did not die as a poor man. After his bankruptcy he obtained some very important orders and as a side line he earned some money with art dealing.
On 9 October 1669 Rembrandt was buried in the Westerkerk (church) in Amsterdam.
His many paintings, drawings and etches have influenced many contemporary and later artists.
On the stamp the painting "De Staalmeesters" (The Sampling Officials of the Drapers Guild) from 1662 was commemorated. Nowadays this painting is on display in Amsterdam. The size of the painting is 279 by 191 cm.
The six men on this painting are in a meeting and look surprised as if someone is entering the room. By choosing this moment these men seem really alive. Rembrandt merges the grave models in black into one perfect unit.
The surcharge on these stamps was intended for "De Vereniging Rembrandt tot behoud en vermeerdering van kunstschatten in Nederland" a society who provided the means to buy important Dutch works of arts. Peculiar is the fact that the surcharge on every stamp has the same value: 5 cents.
Information on the stamps
Design: J. Sluyters.
Date of issue: 15 February 1930.
Last day of validity: 1 January 1931.
Colour: Green (5+5c), brown (6+5c) and blue (12,5c+5c).
Size: 31 x 27 mm.
Perforation: Line 11,5 : 11,5.
Quantity issued: 323.000 (5+5c), 365.000 (6+5c) and 295.000 (12,5c+5c).
More information Postage Stamps
Stamps of The Netherlands
Postage Stamps 1999